A daffodil is a type of flower that belongs in the genus “Narcissus”. There are many different types of Narcissus, but they usually have six petals and trumpet-shaped flowers. Some varieties also have a greenish color outside and yellow inside the petals.
1. Common Daffodils
The most common type of daffodil is a single trumpet with 6 petals. A cluster of them forms a rounded shape at the top. These are commonly found in parks, along roads and other places where they can grow. These daffodils have a single flowering time from Spring to early summer.
The foliage grows after flowering time, lasting for 3-4 months. These are found all over the world.
2. Double Daffodils
Double daffodils have two rows of petals, and look like a nightgown when they bloom. The outer row is larger than the inner row. They have only one flowering time in spring to early summer and can grow up to 50-55 cm high.
Similar to common daffodils, they have a single row of outer leaves that comes after the blossom time. These are commonly found in gardens and parks as decorative flowers.
3. Paperwhite Daffodils
This type of daffodil is also commonly found in parks, but these are grown indoors because they cannot withstand outdoor conditions. They grow well indoors without sunlight and usually have a strong smell.
The bulbs sold for indoor growing are not the same as those sold to plant outdoors: the ones meant for outdoor planting usually have a second flower that grows after the first, while indoor bulbs are grown from bulbs which have only one blossom. These grow best with a period of about 14-16 weeks of vegetative growth and 10-12 weeks flowering time. The average size room can hold about 100 bulbs.
Paperwhites have 6 petals that curve upwards, and the leaves look like a green arrow at the bottom of the bulb. These are commonly sold in stores to be grown indoors. They are easy to find all year round because they have no single flowering time; buying small pieces with a
4. Jonquil Daffodils
These daffodils have narrow trumpet shaped flowers with yellow and orange inside. They usually have between 4-6 petals, but some varieties can have more or less. These grow from 25-50 cm tall at maturity; the leaves are long, narrow and arching until they reach the ground. It has a single flowering time in spring to early summer.
Jonquils have one flowering period, but this can be extended to 3 months with the use of a cold treatment. The outer leaves grow after flowering time, usually between August and October. These are commonly grown as garden flowers in China, Japan and Korea, and they are also used for cooking purposes.
5. Poet’s Narcissus
This daffodil has a thin trumpet and resembles a nose, but the petals are longer than common daffodils. It has 6-9 petals, and usually grows at least 50 cm tall. The leaves come right after flowering time, and the foliage can last for 3 months before dying back. These grow best in warm climates where it can be used in landscaping.
Poet’s daffodils are named after the Greek god Narcissus because they have a smell like an narcissus flower. They can also be grown indoors and have good resistance to cold weather. Poet’s daffodils were introduced into the United States from France and England, and have since become popular.
6. Jonquil Narcissus
Jonquils are intermediate between narcissi and daffodils. They often have a tuft of brown scales at the base of the cornet, giving them their name (jonque being the word for “scales” in Catalan). Their flowers may be fragrant, but can sometimes smell of onion. They were often used as the basis for daffodils, making them a candidate for the “true” daffodil.
One example Jonquil is Narcissus jonquilla , the wild daffodil. This species is native to Italy and Turkey; it was the parent of many modern cultivated daffodils. Hybridization also occurred between N. jonquilla and nonjonquilla daffodils, resulting in plants intermediate between the two groups.
They were used at one time as food, but are now considered poisonous (mostly due to their high oxalic acid content). This toxicity wears off after cooking, and they are now eaten in Japan (under the name Hikari-no-Yoshi ) as well as the Netherlands.
7. ‘Petit Four’ Daffodil (N. poeticus)
Narcissus poeticus is more commonly known as a daffodil, but was originally named Petit Four in honor of the tasty cakes. They are native to the Mediterranean and were once used as both food and medicine (though they are now toxic).
It is likely that N. poeticus was involved in the creation of modern daffodils, although it is unclear to what extent. The name Petit Four points to the possibility that they were used to create more modern varieties, as does their toxicity (some research suggests that some modern daffodil poisons may be derived from N. poeticus ).
8. ‘New Baby’ Daffodil (N. tazetta)
New Baby daffodils are small, delicate daffodils which were originally named for their cute size and scent (the French word for baby is “bébé” ). They are native to the Mediterranean; their typical habitat includes coastal areas near river mouths. Like other Tazettas, they usually have yellow flowers with darker stripes and a greenish-white perianth.
They are popular among growers for their easy growth and flavor, as well as their ability to flower early even in cool conditions. They are also used as the basis for many modern varieties of daffodil (including Jonquils).
9. Tazetta Daffodil (N. x kotschyanus)
While the New Baby is popular among growers, it only has a medium-sized cornet of white (or yellow) flowers. A new variety with a larger cornet was created using the Tazetta daffodil, native to Asia Minor.
This variety has flowers ranging from yellow to orange and darkening towards the base of the cornet, with a white perianth which can sometimes have a pinkish tint. Their scent is often described as spicy, probably due to their high content of amyl acetate (which gives them a clove-like smell).
They were once used to create a new variety of Jonquil, with larger flowers and orange perianths; unfortunately the result was less fragrant. Today they are often grown for their appearance-as well as being popular among florists due to their long vase life.
10. Triandrus Daffodil (N. pseudo-narcissus)
Triandrus daffodils were created in the early nineteenth century by crossing three species of daffodil: N. pseudonarcissus, N. poeticus and N. luteus. The result was a plant with one long trumpet that could reach 12 inches in length, usually with petals that were crossed over each other. They have a strong scent similar to their parent species N. luteus .
They are popular among florists due to their long vase life-and also sometimes used for tea (as they can retain their fragrance after drying). By the late nineteenth century, they began to decline in popularity; today they are usually found only among specialists who grow rare varieties.
11. ‘Crewenna’ Daffodil (N. poeticus var. recurvus)
Crewenna is a modified form of N. pseudonarcissus, created by breeding with the Tazetta daffodil (mentioned earlier). It has longer cornet than the original Tazetta, and a more uniform yellow color with fewer stripes or spots. They are popular among people who grow daffodils for exhibition and are very fragrant.
12. King Alfred Daffodil (N. poeticus var. recurvuses)
King Alfred is a modified form of Crewenna created in the early twentieth century by breeding back to N. pseudonarcissus, as well as using some Tazetta and Triandrus daffodils. It has a longer cornet than Crewenna and like N. pseudonarcissus has yellow flowers with dark stripes or spots; its perianth is also white with a pink tinge (though some varieties may be nearly solid colored).
It was created in honor of the King of England Alfred, for it longevity-a trait carried down from its parent species. They are marketed as “Alfreds” in the United Kingdom, though not commonly found in the U.S. (most likely due to their lack of popularity among florists).
13. Cyclamineus Daffodil (N. cyclamineus)
Cyclamineus daffodils were created by crossing N. poeticus and N. biflorus . This is a group of small, long-stemmed daffodils with flowers that generally grow straight (and occasionally downward).
They have a greenish perianth with a white cornet and unusually short stamens (so they often appear to lack yellow petals). They are often grown by florists as well as growers, for their long vase life.
14. ‘Red Devon’ Daffodil (Narcissus ‘Red Devon’)
In a bed full of traditional white daffodils, the ‘Red Devon’ that is growing in my garden stands out. It has all the qualities of its popular parent, the Narcissus ‘Cupani,’ and then some. This cultivar produces long stems with an average of 12 flowers per stem.
The flowers are cup-shaped and about 3 in (7.5 cm) across with a trumpet of pale yellow petals. The color is pinker at the base of the tepals; this would normally be considered more of a rose or salmon colour, but on this flower it adds to its charm. The anthers and the stigma are bright red. It is vibrant and glorious next to its shower of white cousins in a vase.
15. Jonquilla Daffodil (Narcissus jonquilla)
Jonquils were officially named Narcissus jonquilla. Before they were moved, they were considered to be a sub-species or variety of daffodil. These flowers are different from other Narcissus because they grow as bulbs and then multiply from rhizomes rather than from seeds.
The bulbs grow for about four years in the ground before they multiply into new plants. The jonquilla flowers are trumpet shaped with a yellow colour that can vary from light to dark and an average of 10 tepals (petals). They have a very strong, fruity scent that many people associate with spring. These perennials are very popular in the southern part of the United States (US) from Texas to Florida. They prefer full sun and a rich, deep and well-drained soil.
They bloom in February through March depending on the weather conditions. The bulbs can be dug up and divided every three to four years to make new plants. After the flowers have bloomed, they can be left in place for summer foliage or dug up and stored for winter use.
16. ‘Valdrome’ Daffodil (Narcissus ‘Valdrome’)
The ‘Valdrome’ daffodil was selected from a breeding program held by the Real Jardin Botanico de Madrid in Spain, which is also known as El Retiro (reti-roh). The Spanish gardening society created it through traditional selective breeding or hybridisation; they used an ancient Narcissus cultivar called ‘Peruvius’ as a parent.
The ‘Valdrome’ thrives in the temperate regions of Europe, such as Spain. It is a very showy flower that has a star-like shape, which is similar to the “chimeras” that are popular today. The flowers have a bright yellow trumpet with orange and brown stripes surrounding it; the anthers and stigma are pink.
The flowers only bloom for a few days during the spring, but they are extremely showy when in full bloom. They can be found by their scent; their sweet fragrance is said to resemble that of honey or honeysuckle. The Valdrome daffodils grow and multiply rapidly just like other Narcisses, however they tend to be smaller than the average bulb.
Are all daffodils yellow?
No. Actually, not all daffodils are yellow. The flowers can be white, orange, red or pink.
What is the difference between a narcissus and a daffodil?
The term “daffodil” has been used mainly in North America. The term “narcissus” is used more often in other parts of the world. A daffodil is equally correct, but the name “narcissus” can be used to refer to both a daffodil and an amaryllis.
Do all varieties of daffodils have similar flowers?
No. The Narcissus genus includes about 30 species that are known for their flowers. In fact, the most popular species is Narcissus tazetta. This variety has a trumpet-shaped flower and gets its colour from the yellow petals that surround a red pouch. The flowers are about 3 in (7.5 cm) across with 6 to 16 petals per flower.
What are some alternatives for daffodils?
There are many types of flowers that you can use as alternatives to daffodils. Some popular ones include ranunculuses, calla lilies, tulips and irises. The great thing about using flowers that are not daffodils is that you can mix and match your arrangement. This allows you to show off a variety of flower colors and types in your vase or basket.
What is a daffodil festival?
Daffodil festivals are held by different organisations throughout the year. Many of these celebrations are held in town halls and include floral displays and food stalls. They can be found through online searches if you are looking for one to attend.
How do I store my daffodils so that I can use them the following year?
Daffodils can be stored in a paper bag, cardboard box or even an empty food container. The container should have holes to allow for airflow and moisture. If daffodils are stored between 50° F (10 °C) and 55° F (13 °C), they will last for about six weeks without losing their strength and vigor.
If they are stored in a colder location with temperatures of around 40° F (4 °C), then the daffodils will last for an entire year. They can be used as fresh decor or used to create floral arrangements when you want to add some color to your home.
There are many different types of daffodils that you can use to add color to your home or garden. Daffodil festivals are a great way to learn more about these flowers and what they can do for you. It’s also fun to attend one of these events because it gives you the opportunity to see and sniff dozens of different varieties of daffodils.
Remember to store your daffodils properly so that you can use them over the course of several years.